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Auber Octavius Neville (20 November 1875 – 18 April 1954) was a British-Australian public servant, notably Chief Protector of Aborigines, in Western Australia.
Born in Northumberland, England, Neville emigrated to Victoria, Australia as a child.
In 1897, he went from Victoria to Western Australia and joined the civil service there, quickly rising through the ranks. In 1910, Neville was appointed as the secretary of a new department organising immigration and tourism, and assisted in fostering the migration of 40,000 people to Western Australia over the next few years. Following the outbreak of World War I, he was appointed as secretary of the War Patriotic Fund.
In 1915, Neville became the state's second appointment to the role of the Chief Protector of Aborigines. During the next quarter-century, he presided over the controversial policy of removing Aboriginal children from their families; children who came to be called the Stolen Generations. In 1936, Neville became the Commissioner for Native Affairs, a post he held until his retirement in 1940.
Hasluck, Paul 1977, Mucking About, MUP.
Jacobs, Pat 1990, Mister Neville, A Biography, Fremantle Arts Centre Press.
Kinnane, Stephen 2003, Shadow Lines, Fremantle Arts Centre Press.
Haebich, Anna and Bob Reece, ADB bio.
Neville, A.O. 1936, 'Relations between settlers and aborigines in Western Australia', Early Days: Volume 2, Part 19: 10-46.
Neville, A.O. 1947, Australia's Coloured Minority: Its Place in the Community, Currawong Publishing, Sydney.
Wikipedia article on Neville.
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