As is generally known, Fremantle derived its name from Captain Charles H. Fremantle, of H.M.S. Challenger, which anchored off Garden Island on April 25, 1829, three years after Major Lockyer had founded the settlement at Albany. Captain Fremantle landed on Arthur’s Head, and on May 2 took formal possession in the name of His Majesty King George IV. The exact spot where he landed was indicated in a despatch to the Admiralty dated October 8, 1829, wherein he said that:
The landing took place in a little bay close to the mouth of the river, to the southward of it, being the only landing in that neighbourhood where boats could go with security, the bar at the entrance of the river generally being impassable.
No doubt that little bay would have been the indentation in the shore between Arthur's Head and the little promontory (Anglesea Point) from which the Long jetty was later constructed. The landing would have been made somewhere near the western end of where later a tunnel was made through the rocky head, and it was there that the first jetty was situated. Hitchcock: 9-10.
The bay where Fremantle landed was called Manjaree by the Whadjuk. After the ship the Marquis of Anglesea was wrecked there 23 August 1829, one of the points (the one at Arthur Head) was called Point Marquis and the other (where the Long Jetty was, at the beginning of what is now the Fishing Boat Harbour) was called Anglesea Point. At some point the bay began to be called Bathers Bay (or Beach). Stirling had named the townsite Fremantle (after the Captain, later Admiral) before September 1829 (Statham-Drew: 140), probably in August, when Fremantle departed. The place already had a name: Walyalup.
Fremantle, Charles Howe, Diary & Letters of Admiral Sir C.H. Fremantle, G.C.B., relating to the founding of the colony of Western Australia, 1829, edited by Lord Cottesloe.
Hitchcock, JK 1929, The History of Fremantle, The Front Gate of Australia 1829-1929, Fremantle City Council.
Amalfi, Carmelo, 'Boy Fremantle a war veteran at 11', Fremantle Herald, 15 March 2013.
Bio at Swanbourne History.
William Richard O'Byrne, Entry in A Naval Biographical Dictionary, 1849.
Nyungar Wardan Katitjin Bidi-Derbal Nara (People's Ocean Knowledge Trail of Cockburn Sound and Districts).
Garry Gillard | New: 23 November, 2014 | Now: 2 June, 2018