John Hole Duffield (1797-1859) was a builder and publican. He sailed from England at the age of 33, arriving in Fremantle on the Warrior in March 1830 [Erickson]. He was joined by his wife, Charlotte [nee Foss], and four children [including John Hole Duffield Jnr] in December 1831 on the Egyptian.
Duffield received considerable grants of land from the colonial authorities, including 500 acres at Bicton and 926 acres in the Murray district. He later owned 2,640 acres at Harvey and over the years purchased several lots in the Fremantle district.
John Duffield was an energetic and resourceful man who worked as a building contractor, carpenter and cooper. He was the proprietor of the Albion Hotel [Inn - see below], where he developed his talents as brewer and winemaker.
John Duffield died in April 1859 and was interred in the Alma Street cemetery Fremantle. His remains were later exhumed and transferred to the Skinner Street cemetery; later again his headstone was transferred to Karrakatta: Anglican ANFC 93. MCB. >
The hostelry maintained by John Duffield, perhaps from 1839 to 1844, was not called the Albion Hotel, as the MCB notes (above) have it (which caused me, for one, confusion with the Albion Hotel in Cottesloe). It was a house at Lot 117 Pakenham St (third lot from the end on the western side), and was called the Albion Inn in this advertisement in the Perth Gazette, 28 September 1839.
TO BE SOLD
B Y P U B L I C A U C T I O N,
by Messrs. L. & W. Samson,
On Thursday, the 3d day of October, the property of a person about to leave
A HOUSE at Fremantle, formerly called the Albion Inn, in fee-simple, being Allotment No. 117 ...
The Perth Gazette for 23 Jan 1836 refers to the names of six licensees of hotels in Fremantle and eight in Perth. The Albion was under the proprietorship of Mary F. Crisp.
John Duffield received Licenses for sale of Liquor at the Albion, advertised 6 Feb 1841 and 3 Feb 1844, and he advertised to sell goods which travellers had left at the Albion and not reclaimed, on 17 Aug 1842.
The first John Hole Duffield had eleven children. One of them, Emily Catherine, married Philip Webster and was buried 21 June 1868 by George Bostock, having died aged 23 of 'typhoid fever'.
John Hole Duffield's second child was given the identical name:
The second John H. Duffield (b. 28 July 1819), the second child (of eleven) of the first, died 22 May 1894 aged 75 - as a memorial on Fremantle Cemetery Heritage Trail shows (above). His wife Sarah Glyde died 11 April 1908. The memorial would have been brought from the Skinner St Cemetery. A stained glass window in St John's Church (the second church was opened 1882) commemorates John Hole Duffield (2nd) and Sarah.
J.H. Duffield Jnr was a Town Councillor 1879-80 and Duffield Avenue Beaconsfield is named after him. His children were John (1843-44), an un-named son (1844-44), Emily Caroline (1845-68), Edwin Foss (1846-1922).
A third John Hole Duffield (son of the second) died 17 October 1844, aged 1, of 'scalding', and was buried by Rev. George King in the Fremantle Cemetery of that time, in Alma St.
John William Duffield died December 1850 of 'atrophy' aged 6 months and was buried by R. Postlethwaite, probably in Skinner St Cemetery. His father is recorded to have been a 'schoolmaster to Aborigines'. It's presently unknown what relationship these two had with JHD1.
Charles Hole Duffield (son of the first John) married Emma Cleaver and then her sister Jane Cleaver (21Dec1834-10Jan1865, seven children), both of whom died of consumption (tuberculosis). They were the children of John and Mary Cleaver who arrived in 1843 on the Success. Jane Duffield was buried 11 January 1965 (aged 'over 21') and was buried by Rev. George Bostock (presumably in Skinner St Cemetery). In a second record in the same spreadsheet, Jane Duffield was buried 10 January 1865, aged 29, of 'consumption', by Rev. Bostock. One of Charles's children, Jeannette, was buried 21 September 1964 by Rev. Bostock, aged 15 months, having died of 'atrophy'.
J.H. Duffield's faithful servant Charles Jacob was given his own tombstone by the family in 1869. The stone is to be found on the Heritage Trail in the middle of Fremantle Cemetery and would have been brought from the Skinner St cemetery (which closed 1899) in 1931. >
Erickson, Rica 1987, Bicentennial Dictionary of Western Australians, UWAP.
MCB Karrakatta Heritage Trail, from which the main article above is taken
Many thanks to Philip Pope, descendant of J.H. Duffield, who has provided some of the information above, including the photos of the Karrakatta grave and plaque.
Tuckfield, Trevor 1971, 'Early colonial inns and taverns', Early Days: Journal and proceeedings of the Royal Western Australian Historical Society, 7, 3: 65-82; Part 2, Early Days: Journal and proceeedings of the Royal Western Australian Historical Society, 7, 7: 98-106.
Allen Graham has been researching Fremantle hotels since 1982. There is a map compiled by him in the Fremantle Library collection showing Fremantle hotels 1829-1857.
Garry Gillard | New: 11 February, 2016 | Now: 12 August, 2018